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Product migration practices

This note tries to regroup considerations and practices on how to migrate from one Kafka deployment to another: this is not version to version migration but product to product, or from on-premise VM base or bare metal to cloud, for example.

Things to consider before migrating

The important dimensions that impact migration:

  • The number of Kafka cluster to migrate: Production clusters can have different semantic like federation with other clusters or completely independent cluster. Which one to migrate first?. The following table can be populated:
Cluster nameLocationKafka VersionBootstrap URL
  • Build a list of clusters, with number of brokers, zookeepers, product version and expected cores, memory and storage characteristics.
  • Here is a table to fill for each cluster described above

Cluster name: Dal04-eda-1

# Brokers# Zookeepers# Cores/servMemoryDiskStorage TypeSchema registryMirroring
531664G300Gblock - NFSApicurioMM2
  • Assess the consequence to stop the cluster, the maintenance window (rebuild time) or full availabilty needs
  • Current physical resource consumption on exiting clusters, and linked to the type of deployment: bare metal, VM based, or k8s based. Moving from Bare metal, with performance optimized cluster to a shared deploy on OpenShift will impact the sizing of the target
  • New server availability to deploy the new product, or cloud instances to host the new version.
    • If the target deployment is Kubernetes based, like OpenShift, the k8s cluster needs to have new mostly dedicated worker nodes to support the new Kafka brokers. Expect 60% of the worker node allocated to Kafka Broker. So is it possible to extend the k8s cluster easily
  • The type of persistence storage used for append log and if the storage is based on network filesystem so can we reuse them between clusters
  • We assume no disturbance and co-existence of the existing cluster for a time period. So this means we need to list the producers for each cluster, and if they are designed to easily change broker bootstrap end points.
    • Assess how those producers support rolling out

Here a table that can be used to gather

Producer refType (native, REST proxy, Kafka connectorAvg Throughput msg/sMessage sizeMessage Format# of instances
order appquarkus app - native API60 msg/s300kAvro3
MQ to KafkaKConnector30 msg/s15knone1
  • Topic metadata like: Retention time, and message size:
Topic Ref# PartitionReplicaRetentionType (compact/log)Replicated to Other Cluster
order33 / 2 in sync20 dayslogreplicated via mirror maker 2
  • For schema registry, should it be possible to coexiste or should it needs to be migrated too?
    • How easy will it be possible to swap schema registry URL and credential for each producer and consumer?
  • Number of users / service accounts
  • Authentication security mechanism used per cluster
  • RBAC policies in place
  • How TLS certificates are managed now, how they are shareable between server?
  • Number of stream / stateful operator doing consumer - process - produce? How long will this processor take to process a single message? Can they be stopped and recovered? What percentage of inbound throughput will be outputted back into Apache Kafka? For each processing the following information can be gathered
App nameTechno TypeProcessing TypeProcessing TimePassthrough %
KstreamsStateful with Ktable120ms100%
  • Consumer information, type and processing time
App nameTechno TypeProcessing TypeProcessing Time

Migration strategies

Deploy - mirror - rollout

  • Deploy new cluster with new product

  • Redefine target users and security setting

  • Start mirroring data to new cluster

  • Stop consumer on source cluster, and move them to consumer from mirrored topics

  • Stop producers from source, and connect to new cluster, on the new topics (not the mirrored ones)

    Connect producers
  • Drain data from mirrored topic via the consumers

  • Connect consumers to original topic but on the new cluster.

    Connect consumers